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New Dealers, on the other hand, staunchly defended their record. Admitting that there had been some waste, they pointed out that relief — not economy — had been the primary object of their multi-front war on the depression. Conceding also that there had been some graft, they argued that there had been very little in view of the immense sums spent.

Подробнее: The New Deal Balance Sheet

Foes of the New Deal condemned its alleged waste, incompetence, confusion, contradictions, and cross-purposes, as well as the chiseling and graft in the alphabetical agencies — "alphabet soup" sneered Al Smith. Roosevelt had done nothing, it was said, that an earthquake could not have done better.

Подробнее: New Deal or raw Deal?

From 1933 to 1937 the country had been gradually inching its way out of the depression. This painful progress was no doubt largely due to the billions of dollars injected by Congress into the economic bloodstream. Although millions of disheartened souls remained unemployed, gratifying gains had been registered. "We planned it that way", remarked Roosevelt cheerily.

Подробнее: Twilight of the New Deal

A radical new approach to farm recovery was adopted when the Emergency Congress established the Agricultural Adjustment Administration (AAA). Through "artificial scarcity" this agency was to establish "parity prices" for basic commodities.

Подробнее: Relief for Farmers

The overwhelming unemployment problem, perhaps even more than banking, clamored for prompt remedial action. Roosevelt had no hesitancy about using federal money to assist the unemployed, and at the same time to "prime the pump" of industrial recovery. One has to pour a little water into a dry pump to start the flow.

Подробнее: Jobs for the Jobless

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